Students demonstrate an understanding of processes and change over time within earth systems by …

2a conducting investigations and using observational data to describe how water moves rocks and soils.

What do these GSEs mean? What subtopics do students need to address to understand these GSEs?

What ideas to students need to understand before they can address the topics described above?

What misconceptions are students likely to have about these topics?

What phenomena and representations help students understand these topics?

What activities or activity sequences can be used to address these GSEs?